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The process of generating and comparing different courses of action and then choosing one prior to action. It takes the system from a high-level specification of what is to be done to a detailed specification of how to do it. (Arbib)
(1) the process of generating (see generative) descriptions of alternative courses of action and the deciding (see decision) among these before engaging in any of the actions described. (2) The process of allocating resources and scheduling processes so as to direct the future behavior or development of a system. Planning is always selective among the possible futures of a system incorporating this activity and is therefore behaviorally manifest. (Krippendorff)
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