Many philosophers have attempted to build a process metaphysics or an
evolutionary philosophy, including Alfred North Whitehead, Teilhard de
Chardin, Herbert Spencer, and Henry Bergson. Their main idea is to ground a philosophy on change or development, rather than on static concepts like matter or mind.
However, these early process philosophies are characterized by vagueness
and mysticism, and they tend to see evolution as teleological, goal
directed, guided by some supra-physical force, rather than as the blind
variation and selection process that we postulate. They are thus not
constructivist in the sense discussed in section constructivism.
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Jan 24, 1997 (modified)
Aug 1993 (created)